This article is around the issues of telling people about your autism at university – also known as ‘disclosure’ or ‘declaring a disability’.
We’re talking about disclosure here because so many students don’t tell anybody at uni about their autism, not even the university itself.
Not disclosing makes it difficult for students to get the support they need, both officially and from their friends and the other people around them. At school or college, you might not have received or even needed any support outside your family, and if you don’t know anyone at uni who knows about your diagnosis then you don’t have to tell anyone about it. However, university is very different from school and college and the help available can level the playing field so you can concentrate on enjoying your time at uni and doing well on your course. There is a wide range of support available at university.
Telling the university that you have autism, either on your application form or directly to the Disability Service, enables them to make contact with you to discuss any needs you may have and the support options available to you.
What do we mean by disclosure?
‘Disclosure’ in this context means telling people that you have a disability.
You might not consider your autism to be a disability, but that’s how organisations like universities categorise it so they can understand their students and give them support if they need it. Telling the university you have autism does not mean that you have to tell everyone you meet if you don’t want to, and nor does it mean that you will be forced to accept support that you don’t want or need.
Disclosure and accessing support
Disclosure is a necessary part of getting academic and/or financial support for any issues you might face related to your autism.
Whether or not you apply for Disabled Students Allowance (DSA) and get any financial support to help with your studies, the university’s Disability and Dyslexia Support Service needs to know that you have autism in order to make recommendations for any ‘reasonable adjustments’. If you need extra time in your exams, a different exam room to other students on your course, longer library loans or access to study spaces for disabled students in the library, you need to tell the University on your university application form or directly to the Disability Service.
You will usually need DSA to pay for things that cost money like mind mapping software, equipment for recording lectures, note takers and specialist mentors.
Why don’t some students disclose?
Many autistic students don’t identify as disabled, so they don’t tick the disability box on the UCAS form or any other paperwork.
Even if they never need support or reasonable adjustments, it’s helpful for the university to know how many autistic students they have so they can take the needs of people on the autistic spectrum into account when designing and updating buildings, courses and services.
If you’d like to read more about reasons students gave us for not disclosing and how our disability team responded, read Kate Dean’s article (Kate is Disability Advice Manager at Leeds Beckett University).
What happens when students don’t disclose?
Autistic students are more likely than other students to drop out of university, and this number rises for those who aren’t open about their autism.
When we surveyed people with experience of attending and/or completing university, over 70% said they never told anyone they were autistic. Some of them were not diagnosed until after university. Students who were diagnosed before or during university and disclosed their autism were more likely to finish their course and get good grades.
70% of ex-students we spoke to said they never told anyone at university they were autistic
Those students who dropped out told us it was because they realise now they needed support with some aspects of university.
Even though in general they got good marks when they submitted work, they struggled to manage on their own, especially early in the course. They felt that they were unintentionally bullied or excluded by other students, who would have been more understanding if they knew that they had autism.
Several students who dropped out went back and completed university later, and they had a better experience because people knew they were autistic and they were able to access support and get on better socially.
Fern: I think it is good to disclose as university is much bigger than school and so there is nobody making sure everything is ok and you are managing. (read the whole article here)
How could this affect me?
If you get support as early as possible, preferably from the start of course, settling into uni is a lot easier.
Starting university is an exciting time, but like any change is stressful for anyone. It can be particularly stressful if you are on the autistic spectrum because it involves so much uncertainty. It’s also a very busy time for the university, with lots of new students arriving and familiar ones returning. Getting the support you need in those first few weeks, even simple things like someone showing you around all the places where your lectures will be held can be really important. In our surveys, lots of students didn’t tell anyone they were autistic until they were already really struggling, and that can be too late for it not to have an effect on you and your work. It takes time to process applications for support and send information to the relevant people, so the earlier you can do it the better. You don’t have to wait for your results and you can have contact with the university’s Disability Service before you start your course – even if you end up going somewhere else.
When I disclose, who will find out?
Telling the university that you have autism doesn’t mean you have to tell everyone – it’s a confidential process.
When you disclose that you have autism on the UCAS form or other university application form, the Disability Service will receive your information and be able to email you before the start of your course to start to discuss with you what support you think you will need. The Disability Service won’t tell other students. You may also decide to share information about your autism with your peers if you think it may be helpful for them to understand a bit more about you, but this is entirely your choice.
The Disability Service will ask you before sharing any information with other parts of the university, including your academic department. It doesn’t mean that every member of staff automatically knows everything, even if you do agree for the information to be passed on. Your Disability Adviser will discuss with you what, if any, information needs to be shared and who it needs to be shared with. Information is only shared with staff who are required to make adjustments, or with those who would benefit from being aware.
Sometimes tutors are given lots of information from the Disability Service via the or the Disability Liaison Officer in the department, sometimes not much, and it doesn’t always help the tutor understand how your autism affects you in relation to the course or specific assignments. Knowing that you are anxious about social situations, for example, doesn’t tell them that in group work, you are worried you will have to do all the work or that you might feel left out in discussions
It’s good to agree that the information is passed on, but you will still probably have to do some of the legwork yourself, and just because your fellow students don’t have to know you are on the autistic spectrum, it doesn’t mean that it wouldn’t be helpful for you to tell them. You may wish to speak to your department about particular elements of the course and any concerns you have. Your Disability Adviser would be able to support you with this if you would like them to.
If you decide not to disclose on your university application form, you can contact the Disability Service at any point prior to your arrival at university or during your time studying here. If you have any concerns about disclosure, the Disability Service is able to talk through your options with you and what this will mean.
Further guidance about how the Disability Service manages your information can be found here under ‘What will the DDSS do with information about my disability?’
What to do next?
Think about whether you would like to disclose
In some ways, making a decision to tell the university officially about your autism is a simple one with obvious benefits and clear boundaries. Disclosing means you can access support. They tell you what information and evidence they need from you and they can’t pass any information on without your permission. You can tell them any time, but if you tell them as soon as you can it’s better for everyone.
Questions to think about
- Do you want to disclose on your UCAS/other university application form?
- Do you want to disclose to the Disability Service directly?
- If you’re unsure about whether to disclose, what would your reasons be for not disclosing?
- Do you want to have access to support at the start of your course? If you do, you will need to have contact with the Disability Service before starting university to give them time to have a discussion with you about your support and to put any support in place.
- Do you want your tutors within the academic department to know? If not, you might not have access to the full range of support that would otherwise be available to you.
- Are there any other people within the University you would like to know (in order that adjustments can be implemented)?
- Would you just like to apply for and access support from Disabled Students’ Allowances but not tell your tutors (this will prevent some adjustments being implemented)?
- Do you want to discuss options relating to disclosure with the Disability Service?
- Have you spoken with your friends and family about disclosure?
Additional information and links
Making a decision to tell the university officially about your autism might be a simple one. With other groups of people and individuals it’s less clear, and the right decision for you is something you need to work out for yourself.
Making decisions about who to tell and when can be difficult so here are some questions that will help you plan what you are going to do.
- When are you going to tell people?
- Who are you going to tell?
- How are you going to tell them? (in person, on the phone, via email/text/social media, in a group, on their own)
- How much are you going to tell them?
- Can you trust this person?
- Does this person have your best interest at heart?
- Do you mind if they tell other people?